Sparring is a commonly used word in martial arts, but what does it actually mean?
Sparring in short is a form of training, where you can try out new techniques. It is a kind of free-form fighting, with some ground rules to avoid injuries. Those rules could for example be, trying to win with just technique with little strength and speed.
Let’s dive deeper into the topic of sparring and some tips to get the most out of your sparring sessions.
What is the purpose of sparring?
The main purpose of sparring is to test out new techniques and skills in real use. Even though sparring is somewhat of a safe environment to try out new techniques, it is still close to real competition.
With sparring, you don’t have to wait until a real competition or a fight to try out your skills. Sparring offers a safer way to try your skills.
Usually, when sparring there are some ground rules set beforehand. That might be for example to use only half speed and half strength, and tap out sooner rather than trying to get out with brute force.
Sparring is one of the best ways to implement the techniques you have learned to real use in a somewhat safe environment.
Difference between sparring and fighting
The difference between sparring and fighting is the speed and purpose of the fight.
The speed in sparring shouldn’t be full speed, since it’s meant to be a learning environment for new techniques.
In competitions, your main goal is to win the fight. Therefore, you shouldn’t hold any speed and strength back, if you are serious about the fight.
Also, the purpose of the fight is a lot different between sparring and competing.
When sparring, your main goal is to practice and learn, whereas, in competition fighting, your goal is to win the fight and be the last man standing.
Sparring tips to get the most out of your training
Some basic tips for sparring to get the most out of your training.
Focus on technique instead of using strength and speed. You can add speed and strength according to your level of expertise in martial art. As a beginner, take things slowly at first.
Set the ground rules before sparring. Those rules could include how much speed and strength is to be used. Also, you could also focus more on certain techniques in that sparring session.
Switch sparring partners to get the most out of sparring. You will learn to handle yourself against different opponents by doing so. Different people have different strengths and weaknesses.
Remember to breathe and don’t waste your energy. If you are against a heavier opponent in a grappling match, there is no point in trying to win by force. Instead, focus on proper technique.
Why is sparring important in martial arts training
Sparring is an important aspect of martial arts training because that’s where you get to implement the techniques you have learned.
It offers a safe environment to test them out, instead of going straight to competitions or testing them out at a local bar.
You will also notice your weaknesses while sparring, which might be the reason you lose a possible competition in the future.
For me, the bottleneck at first was my endurance. I was always out of breath while sparring after a minute or so. Going for a jog once a week highly improved my performance on the mats.
Here are some additional frequently asked questions about sparring you might have
What is sparring in boxing?
Sparring in boxing is a form of training, where you get to practice your skills in a “real situation”. That includes some basic rules, to make practicing safer.
How do you train for sparring?
You should have some basic knowledge before you start sparring. You don’t really have to train for sparring, other than learning the martial art itself.
Do you hit hard in sparring?
You should not be going full strength while sparring, at least if you didn’t agree to do so with your sparring partner.
Is sparring dangerous?
Even though you are supposed to take things slower and with less strength than in competition, that doesn’t mean sparring is completely risk-free.
There is still a chance of getting knocked out or breaking a bone or joint in grappling martial arts.
However, since sparring is slower and lighter than real competitions, the risks can be easier to avoid by some basic ground rules.
It also depends a lot on martial arts on how dangerous sparring really is. For grappling arts, the main concern is breaking a finger, whereas in striking martial arts being knocked out is more likely.
In conclusion: sparring is a form of training, that allows you to test out new techniques and your skills in a realistic situation.
Sparring usually includes some ground rules about how much strength and speed are used, as well as what techniques is it focused on.
Personally, I really enjoy the sparring part of training. It is the most refreshing to the mind since you always have to focus only on the moment. That is one of the benefits of martial arts.
Hopefully this was helpful, have a wonderful day!