BJJ questions answered

Common Brazilian jiu-jitsu Questions Answered! (BJJ FAQ)

In this post, we will go through different questions you could have about Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ).

Depending on your level of expertise in BJJ, some of these might sound like obvious ones. However, there might be someone who is completely new to martial arts and BJJ. This post is supposed to help you and give you a better overall view of what BJJ is.

We will move from the most “basic” questions to more advanced stuff.

Let’s get started with the first question!

What is Brazilian jiu-jitsu?

Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a martial art that focuses on ground fighting. This means it focuses on taking the fight to the ground and finishing the fight with joint locks or chokeholds.

Brazilian jiu-jitsu was developed around the 1920s and was modified from judo. Nowadays, Brazilian jiu-jitsu is an essential martial art for MMA.

Does Brazilian jiu-jitsu include punches and kicks?

Brazilian jiu-jitsu does not include any punches or kicks. It focuses on ground fighting, which means taking the fight to the ground.

BJJ does include a few takedowns, that can be used to take the fight to the ground if you are in a standing position.

What is the point of Brazilian jiu-jitsu?

The point of Brazilian jiu-jitsu is to take the fight to the ground and finish it with a joint lock or a chokehold.

The reason people train BJJ can vary a lot on different people. Some could do it just to spend time together with like-minded people.

Others do BJJ because they want to lose weight or stay in shape. Then there are the people who want to become the world champions in BJJ. Everyone has their own reasons why they train BJJ.

Is Brazilian jiu-jitsu the same as Jiu-Jitsu?

Brazilian jiu-jitsu and Japanese jiu-jitsu are two different martial arts. BJJ focuses only on ground fighting, while Japanese jiu-jitsu or JJJ is a more complete martial art.

JJJ includes ground fighting, weapons training as well as punches and kicks. Even though the names are very similar to these two martial arts, they are really distant from each other. BJJ is more similar to judo than it is to JJJ.

How many belts are there in Brazilian jiu-jitsu?

There are 5 main belts in BJJ. Those are:

  • White
  • Blue
  • Purple
  • Brown
  • Black

After black, you can also achieve a coral belt and a red belt. However, those are very uncommon. More about belt colors and how long it takes to achieve each belt, including coral belts and red belts in this post.

It is probably also worth mentioning that kids under 16 years have a different belt system than people over 16.

BJJ Junior belts are:

  • White
  • Gray
  • Yellow
  • Orange
  • Green

After they turn 16, their belt will be converted into regular BJJ belts, according to their skills.

Between each belt, there can also be a stripe system in place, depending on the gym. Stripes are like additional checkpoints between different colors. More about how the stripe system works in this post.


How expensive is Brazilian jiu-jitsu?

The cost of Brazilian jiu-jitsu can vary a lot depending on where you live. Gym memberships are usually between 50 dollars per month to 200 dollars per month.

On top of that, you have to buy all the equipment necessary. The initial equipment purchases and a six-month BJJ gym membership could cost a total of between 450 to 1 000 dollars.

More about all the costs of BJJ with a comparison chart in this post.

How long does it take to get a black belt in Brazilian jiu-jitsu?

On average, it takes around 10 years of regular training to achieve a black belt. It can vary a lot depending on your physical abilities and how often you train.

More about how long it takes to get each belt in BJJ in this post.

You might also be interested in how many black belts are there in the world? Good news, I have a post answering that exact question. You can read it here.

bjj black belt

Can you learn Brazilian jiu-jitsu at home?

You can learn some of the basics of BJJ at home from YouTube videos or online courses. That could give you a head-start if you also one day decide to join a regular BJJ gym.

I have a post about how to learn BJJ at home, you can read it here.

It is important to remember that training with an actual instructor with other people will be the “most realistic” approach to BJJ. However, topping gym training with self-training can further increase your progress.

Why is Brazilian jiu-jitsu so effective?

The effectiveness of BJJ relies on the usage of frames, structures, and levers. Those might sound fancy, but let me open them up to you.

Frames and structures are meant to save you energy when sparring with an opponent. You make “structures” or “frames” from your body, where it is harder for them to break and get you to tap.

Levers are used to joint locks for example. With a very small force, you can make your opponent tap out if you push or pull from the right place.

More about frames, structures, and levers in this post.

Final thoughts

Hopefully, you found the answers you were looking for. I also have a lot more posts covering different topics about Brazilian jiu-jitsu, as well as other martial arts. If interested, check my site further. Either from the category menu or from below you can find related posts.

That is all for today, have a wonderful day!

Other BJJ-related posts can be found here.

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